Here’s our weekly roundup
COVID Level 2 from Monday
As Auckland moves back to COVID Level 2 there will be more people travelling and one difference this time around is that the government have mandated that masks be worn on public transport.
“The advice from health officials is clear – the use of face coverings can reduce the risk of people spreading COVID-19, particularly where it is hard to maintain physical distance from others. Masks and face coverings do not replace physical distancing – they complement other public health measures.
“We want to make this as easy as possible, so any form of face covering will do. If you don’t have a mask you can use a scarf or bandana.
“We encourage everyone to get three or four washable masks each and are also investigating the potential distribution of reusable masks to those most in need.
- Face coverings should be worn on public transport and aircraft. That includes trains, buses, and ferries.
- They don’t need to be worn on:
- By children under 12
- On school buses
- On charter or group tours
- On interisland ferries
- On private flights
- By private contractors of air services such as top-dressers
- These groups are already likely within each other’s bubbles as part of a registered group or have space to physically distance.
- In addition, face coverings do not need to be worn by:
- Passengers of small passenger vehicles, such as taxis and uber. But drivers will be required to wear masks.
- People with a disability or physical or mental health condition that makes covering their face unsuitable do not have to wear face coverings also.
- There will be other times when it is not required – such as in an emergency, if unsafe, if people need to prove their identity or to communicate with someone who is deaf, or if required by law.
Not wearing a face covering on public transport will become an offence, punishable by a $300 infringement notice or a fine of up to a $1000 imposed by the courts. Enforcement of the rules will be light touch – starting with engagement, encouragement and education.
The issues with Transmission Gully are so numerous have become almost a regular spot on our weekly roundups.
Last Friday, Waka Kotahi NZTA announced they’d come to a new settlement agreement for the project, agreeing to pay another $145.5 million to complete the project. This is on top of the extra $191 million earlier in the year. In addition, another change as part of the deal will see the contractors to use a different road surface.
Waka Kotahi has also agreed to a contract variation for construction, costing an additional $45.5m, to allow for the use of a different road surface to be applied on some sections of the road, which will enable the road to be built more quickly by ensuring work continues at pace throughout the year. The new ‘deep lift’ road surface will be used in areas approaching and over the Wainui saddle, and on other sections of the motorway with steep gradients, accounting for roughly one-third of the road’s 27km length. The earthworks on these sections of the motorway account for the majority of the remaining pre-surfacing work yet to be carried out on the project, where work has been significantly impacted by the five-week COVID-19 shutdown and associated disruptions. The ‘deep lift’ pavement being used is much more resilient to poor weather during construction, meaning that work can continue to be carried out during marginal winter conditions, bringing the new opening date forward by an estimated four months than would otherwise have been possible.
All of this brings the total cost of the project to $1.25 billion, up $400 million on the original price.
Newsroom also reports that the change in road surface will have higher maintenance costs and that’s going to make it more expensive for that side of the PPP and so even if the rest of the project goes smoothly, it might not be all that long before they’re back looking for another bailout.
At the same time as all of this was announced, the government also announced they were launching an independent investigation into the project
The Government has asked the Infrastructure Commission to oversee an urgent and wide-ranging review into the Transmission Gully project, Transport Minister Phil Twyford and Infrastructure Minister Shane Jones announced today.
Phil Twyford says construction has been plagued with delays and increased costs. “It appears the agreement signed up to by the former government was loose and failed to protect taxpayers’ money. It seems to have been rushed through without the necessary due diligence being carried out.
“Wellingtonians and taxpayers deserve to know exactly what has happened. We want to make sure future governments aren’t left in the same predicament our Government has been.
Otaki to Levin
Moving just up the road a bit, this week Waka Kotahi announced their draft preferred alignment for the Otaki to North of Levin expressway that the government agreed to fund in January as part of the NZ Upgrade Programme. Construction on the project is not expected to start till 2025, costing about $817 million and but is assessed to have an economic return of just 37 cents on the dollar.
It certainly looks like it could be useful if at the same time they included some works to straighten out the rail line between Otaki and Manakau.
Household Transport Emissions
A new report from Stats NZ shows that transport plays a huge role in our household transport emissions.
Household transport emissions increased by 2,069 kilotonnes (15 percent) between 2011 and 2017, Stats NZ said today.
This led to an overall increase in household emissions of 3,576 kilotonnes (9.1 percent).
New data released today by Stats NZ on consumption-based greenhouse gas emissions shows that while the direct use of fuel by New Zealand households is significant, it represents just over half of the total transport carbon footprint of households.
Indirect transport emissions, which arise from the extraction, refining, and transport of fuel before its use, and household use of other modes of transport such as air, water, and rail, are becoming an increasingly significant part of the total transport carbon footprint of households.
“These findings highlight the ‘hidden’ role households have in driving emissions,” environmental-economic accounts manager Stephen Oakley said.
Households contributed 71 percent to New Zealand’s total carbon footprint in 2017. Transport accounted for 37 percent of the carbon footprint of households, food and non-alcoholic beverages contributed 25 percent, and housing and household utilities, which included the use of electricity, contributed 12 percent.
“This new data shows that the choices households make contribute significantly to New Zealand’s carbon footprint,” Mr Oakley said.
LA’s Green line reflection
LA Metro, the public transport operator in Los Angeles, runs their own official blog called The Source. A few weeks ago they published an interesting post about the C (Green) Line, its history but also the issues with it, including recognising that rapid transit that runs in freeway corridors
Several thousand homes that would be demolished had to be replaced. The freeway would be built mostly above or below street grade. And a mass transit line would be built in the corridor as a way to help communities impacted by the new freeway.
Thus, the C Line was born. But it was a mass transit project with a number of compromises from the start. Namely:
- Because the 105 stopped at the border of Norwalk, so would the C Line, denying it a useful connection in Norwalk to the Metrolink and Amtrak line that runs between downtown L.A., Orange County and San Diego.
- Most of the C Line’s 20-mile route is in the 105 median, requiring riders to descend from bridges over the freeway to isolated stations in the middle of a noisy and exhaust-ridden freeway.
- The four westernmost stations were only built for two-car trains. The standard for the rest of the Metro light rail system are three-car platforms.
- Perhaps most notoriously, the C Line has a station just south of LAX but doesn’t actually connect to the airport. There was a confluence of reasons for this failure ― failure isn’t a strong enough word, frankly ― including funding issues, ambivalence at LAX and L.A. City Hall and concerns by the FAA, among others.
All that adds up to less than ideal outcome.
AT could learn a thing or two from The Source – there’s also so much they could do if they had something similar and could it could greatly help improve their engagement with the public as well as the public’s understanding of a variety of issues.
Some more of the changes to make physical distance space more permanent on Queen St have gone in. These concrete blocks, which I understand are also called the sugar cubes, have sweetened up the street by replacing the plastic hit sticks. They look both tidier and sturdier which will help in addressing the issue of cars parking inside them.
From cones to plastic sticks to concrete cubes – Queen St is getting ready for the soft return on Monday (hopefully). pic.twitter.com/53UI1deUcV
— Kent Lundberg (@kentslundberg) August 25, 2020
I wonder if we’re going to need something similar to keep the cars off the new and wider footpaths on Quay St when it is completed. Speaking of which, the trees are starting to go in.
This week, the first stage of planting on Quay Street got underway with Kowhai, Puriri, Nikau, Tanekaha and Maire. In the coming weeks, depending on COVID restrictions, we'll be adding flax and native grasses to make the most of this planting season. pic.twitter.com/DU3Yw1WCJQ
— Auckland Transport (@AklTransport) August 27, 2020
Diagram billboard in Bristol (James St / Mina Rd). Not my doing, but with permission. pic.twitter.com/4ppAACOCji
— Dave Walker (@davewalker) August 26, 2020
An interesting thread on some history of the US interstate system
Just finished Divided Highways by Tom Lewis, an impressively readable account of building the US interstate system.
A 🧵 about the history of urban interstates, which have been problematic from the get-go ⤵️ pic.twitter.com/jJbghn5JfM
— David Zipper (@DavidZipper) August 15, 2020
The Eastern Line is closed at the moment but when it’s back in service, it will be down to a single track on the approach to Britomart.