Transport can be a bit of an acronym soup at the best of times but 2018 feels like it’s taken that to a new level. So far already we’ve had the ATAP, the GPS and the RLTP. On Friday the government released the 2018-21 National Land Transport Programme (NLTP) – there’s still the new RPTP to come too.
The NLTP is described by the NZTA as:
The National Land Transport Programme (NLTP) is a three-year programme of planned activities and a 10-year forecast of revenue and expenditure prepared by the NZ Transport Agency to give effect to the GPS. The NLTP is a partnership between the Transport Agency, which invests NLTF funding on behalf of the Crown, and local government, which invests local funding on behalf of ratepayers.
So essentially it shows what is expected to be done in transport over the coming three years and with $16.9 billion expected to be spent over that time, there’s a lot that will be done. The graphic below shows where the money comes from and what it will be used for.
The amount being spent on transport through the NLTP has increased with every three-yearly iteration but its notable just how much it has changed over the past decade. The 2009-12 NLTP hailed an investment of $8.7 billion, so transport spending has nearly doubled in a decade. That was followed by $12.3 billion in 2012-15 and $13.9 billion in 2015-18.
The largest source of funds for transport comes from fuel and road user charges (NLTF). The graph below shows how that is expected to change over the coming mounts.
As mentioned above, the NLTP gives effect to the GPS, in which the government outlines the overall transport policy and sets funding ranges for each activity. The NLTP sets where the actual funding levels sit within those ranges. The chart below shows that for the new GPS and for the 2015-18 version. You can see with this NLTP that most activities are about halfway in their funding range. The most notable exceptions are for Road Policing and the new Transitional Rail class.
The map below shows where how that $16.9 billion is split up by region. There are similar maps on Safety, Public Transport and Walking & Cycling too.
For Auckland, the $5.72 million represents just under 34% of the total spend which means it’s actually less than the region’s population share. You may also recall from ATAP that over 10 years Auckland was expected to get about 38% of spending so it will need to be higher in future versions. Here’s the key projects that will be spent on.
And the wordy version to complement it.
- Work will get underway to deliver light rail between the city centre and Māngere, and to Auckland’s northwest. Light rail will provide a high capacity, frequent and reliable public transport service, and enable accelerated urban development along these corridors.
- Access to Auckland Airport and surrounding areas will be improved through the Southwest Gateway programme. This work includes Puhinui rail station improvements, investigation of rapid transit measures between Auckland Airport and Botany, and identifying improvements along state highways 20, 20A and 20B to improve journey reliability and provide more transport choices.
- $240m will be invested in the Auckland Manukau Eastern Transport Initiative (AMETI) Eastern Busway improvements.
- Work on SH1 will continue on the main access routes into the city from the north and south. $500m will be invested in the Northern Corridor Improvements project, improving access and safety, extending the Northern Busway and completing the Western Ring Route. Investment in the Southern Corridor Improvements will make for a safer route and more reliable journey times.
- The Public Private Partnership (PPP) will continue to build the 18-kilometre extension of the Northern Motorway (SH1) from Pūhoi to Warkworth to improve safety and access to the north.
- Safety highlights include $67.2m for SH16 Brigham Creek to Waimauku Safe System Enhancement, to improve safety and efficiency. $33m will also be invested in safety improvements in the Dome Valley north of Warkworth.
- Through the collaborative Te Tupu Ngātahi Supporting Growth Alliance programme the NLTP will look to confirm and protect transport networks that are needed to support the development of new future urban growth areas over the next 30 years. There will be $46m investment in the Matakana Link Road connection, and $140m for the SH1 Papakura to Bombay programme
- To encourage a continued increase in people cycling in Auckland, $31m will be invested in SeaPath, a walking and cycling connection between Northcote Point and Esmonde Road, Takapuna. There will be $67m to develop the SkyPath project across the Auckland Harbour Bridge, and investigate a dedicated walking and cycling crossing of the Manukau Harbour to replace the Old Māngere Bridge. $56.6m will be invested to complete the Glen Innes to Tāmaki Drive shared path.
- Investment in new electric trains to provide for growth and reduce crowding that would otherwise occur. Investment will be allocated to the electrification of the rail line from Papakura to Pukekohe, and $119m for the provision of a third main line between Westfield and Wiri and an upgrade of Westfield rail junction to provide better separation of passenger and freight services. There will also be funding for the removal of road/rail level crossings to better manage safety risks.
- The NLTP includes co-investment in many local roads around Auckland, including $68m for Lincoln Road in west Auckland. These upgrades will improve travel time reliability. There will also be investment in city centre bus improvements, including bus priority measures and new interchanges.
With ATAP and the RLTP this was all expected but it’s good to see the funding is there.